what is the balanced diet?

A balanced diet refers to a diet that includes all the essential nutrients in appropriate quantities to maintain good health and prevent nutritional deficiencies. It includes a variety of foods from different food groups such as:

  1. Fruits and vegetables: These are good sources of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants.
  2. Whole grains: These are rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Examples include brown rice, whole wheat bread, and oatmeal.
  3. Lean protein: Protein is essential for building and repairing tissues. Good sources of protein include fish, chicken, tofu, legumes, and nuts.
  4. Low-fat dairy: Dairy products provide calcium, vitamin D, and other essential nutrients. Choose low-fat options such as milk, yogurt, and cheese.
  5. Healthy fats: Fats are necessary for energy and to absorb certain vitamins. Include healthy fats such as olive oil, avocado, nuts, and fatty fish like salmon.

It is important to consume a variety of foods from these groups in appropriate portions to maintain a balanced diet. In addition, limiting processed and sugary foods and beverages can also help maintain good health.

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